The fresh new conceptual away from Phoenician myths which has been managed of Philo because of Eusebius (for example biblical sees on the same topic) had previously been aren’t thought about which have suspician from the critical scholarship and you can thought to be primarily an invention of the Philo, with no separate well worth due to the fact a supply of knowledge of Phoenician faith. Which doubtful ideas while the disappered by way of the fresh new recovery off spiritual unbelievable books of Ugarit on the north Syrian coastline (1927-1937).
These tall poetical messages located of the D.F.An effective. Schaefer into the several techniques have shown that gods of Philo happen brands for the highest area now better-identified away from Ugarit in addition to from other supply. Brand new Philo mythology try described as the same moral forget and primitive barbarity that have fondness for descriptive brands and personifications which might be discovered at Ugarit.
Brand new sources of education mean little improvement in the message away from Canaanite myths ranging from c. 1400 BC and you can 700 BC. Of a lot details of Philo’s membership, not just in the problem of the labels of deities, in the brand new mythological ambiance too have been in over arrangement towards Ugaritic mythology and you will later Phoenician inscriptions. Scholars try, thus, rationalized inside accepting, at least provisionally, most of the data preserved because of the Philo that do not involve subjective interpretation on the their region.
The latest divinities hence figure on mythological texts off Ugarit was basically obviously not strange into the area, however, had been current certainly the Canaanites, simply because they brear just a vague link to the most common deities worshipped in town alone
Once the myths out of old Ugarit suggest, new religion of your own Canaanite peoples is actually a crude and you will debased form of routine polytheism. It was with the sexy virility-cult worship from an especially lewd and you may orgiastic form, which proved to be much more influential than any almost every other character faith about ANE.
The Ugaritic deities are now most commonly known by multiple from religious messages matchmaking in the fifteenth and you will very early fourteenth millennium BC which were found in a library housed from inside the a building mainly based anywhere between Ugarit’s a couple of high temples, one intent on Baal and almost every other to Dagon
Canaanite deities, with the one-hand, expose outstanding fluidity of identification and setting, so that it is usually extremely hard to fix the specific website name of different gods or perhaps to describe the kinship to at least one another. This is certainly among the many really unreasonable areas of Canaanite religion, an indicator of its corrupt nature. Likewise, Canaanite deities provides generally speaking etymologically clear brands, a fact and this generally seems to point out the new Canaanite pantheon while the symbolizing a beneficial cruder and more ancient sort of polytheism.
Various epigraphic and you will literary present let you know the fresh new labels of your own captain gods and you will goddesses of a lot Canaanite citaies in almost any episodes.
Este ‘s the term for which brand new best Canaanite goddess is understood. This really is and a name for which Jesus is called into the the old Testament — El, this new Goodness (Elohim) regarding Israel ( este elohe yisrael: Gen. ). In the most common prose they senior match occures with greater regularity with an adjunct: El Elyon (many large God, Gen. ), El Shaddai (typically, God almighty, Gen. 17:1), Este Hai (The brand new living Goodness, Josh. 3:10), and also commonly on plural off majesty, Elohim. During the Hebrew poetry El is more frequent, in which it really stands most of the time without having any adjunct (Ps. , 33, 48; ; Business 8:3).
The expression Este is actually a generic title having “god” when you look at the Northwest Semitic (Hebrew and you will Ugaritic) and therefore it is quite found in the old Testament to have heathen deities or idols (Ex boyfriend. ; Ps. ; Try. ). The initial generic name are ‘ilum ; shedding brand new mimation together with nominative case conclude ( u ) becomes ‘el in Hebrew. It was probably an enthusiastic adjectival development (intransitive participle) throughout the options “to get solid, powerful” ( ‘wl ), definition “The newest Solid (or Strong) One to.”